When losing one or several teeth, each patient asks himself a question: is it necessary to have a prosthesis and what type of prosthetics is better? The situation with a lack of teeth is quite common. Almost every patient with the loss of one or several teeth asks himself the question: is it necessary to have a prosthesis and what type of prosthetics is better? The fact is that with the loss of even one tooth in the entire dentition, changes begin. The teeth lean towards the defect, on the other side the teeth move up or down, trying to fill the void.
The bite changes, the chewing of food is disturbed, the remaining teeth are overloaded, and afterwards this leads to the loss of healthy teeth. In the absence of several teeth, the patient experiences inconvenience and discomfort, having to refuse some products all this affects the entire digestive system. In some cases, aesthetics suffers and speech is disturbed. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a dentist in time for a quality prosthetics.
High-quality prosthetics should not only restore chewing function and aesthetics, but also preserve the remaining teeth and prevent further pathological changes in the entire dentition. Each person is individual – everyone has different clinical situations, different bite, age and number of remaining teeth and financial capabilities. It follows that there is no single answer to the question: “what type of prosthetics is better?” – it’s different for each patient.
First of all, you should start with modern diagnostics, with which you can get a more complete picture of the condition of the oral cavity. Therefore, you can offer the best option specifically for this clinical situation, the type of prosthetics and guarantee the best result. In modern dentistry, there is a fairly wide selection of methods for prosthetics. They are divided into removable and non-removable prosthetics and prosthetics on implants. Removable prosthetics is one of the most common types of prosthetics, especially in old age, when it is often the only solution to restore missing teeth.
Modern removable dentures differ from the past: with materials, manufacturing technology, aesthetics, they have become thinner and at the same time stronger, more convenient and more comfortable. Fixed prosthetics has gained great popularity. They are convenient; they do not need to be removed from the oral cavity; they do not differ in appearance from their own teeth; they are quick to get used to. This type of prosthetics includes: bridges, single crowns, stump inserts, veneers. But this type of prosthetics also has drawbacks, in particular, the bridge prosthesis – it is necessary to remove the nerve in adjacent teeth (supporting) and further grind them, and often these teeth are healthy. Due to the lack of load on the bone, under the artificial (mounted) tooth, the bone gradually decreases, the supporting teeth are overloaded, and in future this can lead to their loss.
Implant prosthetics is the only type of prosthetics that meets all the requirements of modern dentistry, namely functionality, aesthetics, comfort, reliability and the ability to apply in almost all clinical situations. The pluses also include the fact that a chewing load is transmitted through the implant to the bone and the bone works, and therefore does not cause atrophy. Another advantage of implantation is that you do not need to take adjacent teeth into a support; therefore, remove the nerve and grind them. Implantation has practically no drawbacks, with the exception of the fact that it is contraindicated for some patients.